FREE SHIPPING $75+ and samples in every order!

Everything You Need to Know When Reading A Sunscreen Bottle

Everything You Need to Know When Reading A Sunscreen Bottle

Picture this: You are shopping for vacation essentials, and you enter the sunscreen aisle. There are so many different shapes, colors, and sizes. How do you know the sunscreen you pick is right for you and your family? 

You pick up the first bottle and examine the label and ingredients, but it all looks like gibberish! Fear not, for this guide aims to demystify the jargon and empower you to make informed choices for your skin's health. From deciphering SPF ratings to unraveling the significance of PA++++, let's dive into the world of sunscreen.

Deciphering the Label:

  1. SPF: Sun Protection Factor:
    • SPF measures a sunscreen's ability to protect against UVB rays, which penetrate the skin’s surface, causing sunburn and contributing to skin cancer risk if unprotected.
    • Look for an SPF of at least 30. SPF 40 blocks 97.5% of UVB rays. Higher SPFs over 50 offer marginally increased protection.

  2. Broad Spectrum:
    • This indicates protection against both UVA and UVB rays. UVA rays penetrate deeper into the skin, causing long-term damage, such as premature aging and skin cancer.
    • Mineral Sunscreens like TiZO Ultra Zinc Body & Face Non-Tinted are made with 20%  Zinc Oxide, creating a moisturizing barrier between you and the sun.

  3. Water Resistance:
    • Indicates how long the sunscreen remains effective while swimming or sweating. Look for a water-resistant formula if you'll be engaging in water activities or sweating heavily.
    • The patented TiZO SheerFoam™ Body & Face Tinted formulation offers sheer, weightless protection and up to 40 minutes of water resistance. 

Advantages of Mineral Sunscreen:

  1. Broad Spectrum Protection: Mineral sunscreens provide broad-spectrum protection against UVA and UVB rays. The active ingredients in mineral sunscreens, typically zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, physically block UV radiation by sitting on top of the skin and reflecting the sun’s rays. 
  2. Gentle on the Skin: These are ideal for sensitive skin types and post-procedure as they are less likely to cause irritation or allergic reactions. This is because the active ingredients are not absorbed into the skin but sit on the surface.
  3. Immediate Protection: Mineral sunscreens start working as soon as they are applied, unlike chemical sunscreens that require 15-30 minutes to activate. Though it is best to apply mineral sunscreen prior to going out in the sun.
  4. Reef-Safe: Mineral sunscreens are considered safer for marine ecosystems than chemical alternatives.
  5. Reflect Away UV Rays: Some chemical sunscreens have been shown to absorb sun energy  (UV rays) and release it as infrared. Mineral sunscreens do not have this risk because they reflect and refract UV radiation away from the skin.

Decoding PA++++:

PA stands for "Protection Grade of UVA" and is a Japanese rating system that measures a sunscreen's level of protection against UVA rays. Adapted from the Persistent Pigment Darkening PPD) method, this test exposes the skin to UVA radiation to see how long it takes to develop a tan. The more plus signs, the higher the level of protection:

  • PA+: Some UVA protection
  • PA++: Moderate UVA protection
  • PA+++: High UVA protection
  • PA++++: Very high UVA protection

How PA++++ is Obtained:

PA ratings are determined through in vivo testing, where the sunscreen is applied to human subjects who are then exposed to a specific dose of UVA radiation. The amount of radiation required to induce a visible skin reaction is measured, and the PA rating is assigned accordingly.

Ultimately, PA+ means you’ll have some protection from UVA rays, with more plusses indicating a higher level of protection. The highest level of protection you can get from UVA rays is PA++++. TIZO2 Facial Primer Non-Tinted has a PA++++ rating! The FDA has rules for labeling sunscreen, and products must undergo rigorous testing to be labeled as broad-spectrum. 

Reading a mineral sunscreen bottle doesn't have to feel like decoding hieroglyphics. With the knowledge of SPF, broad-spectrum protection, and the significance of PA+++, you can confidently choose a sunscreen for vacation or every day that meets your and your family’s needs. Remember, consistent sunscreen application is key to maintaining healthy, radiant skin for years to come. 

So, slather on that mineral sunscreen and bask in the sun responsibly!

Tagged: broad spectrum protection, mineral sunscreen benefits, PA++++, reef safe sunscreen, skin health tips, spf ratings, sun protection tips, sunscreen guide, sunscreen labels explained, TiZO skincare products, tizoskin, UV radiation protection


Leave a comment

All blog comments are checked prior to publishing

Subscribe to our newsletter

Signup for our newsletter to stay up to date on sales and events.